MY FAT ASS IS TIRED OF BLATANT DECK STACKING

 

A recent study claims that there is an association between rising BMI and heart failure in African Americans.

http://www.onlinejcf.com/article/S1071-9164(16)00077-4/abstract

Kind of worrisome, wouldn’t you say?

Could be.

EXCEPT, the raw data is garnered from the Jackson Heart Study.

What is the Jackson Heart Study?  I’m so glad you asked.

The JHS is a large, community-based, observational study whose participants were recruited from urban and rural areas of the three counties (Hinds, Madison and Rankin) that make up the Jackson Miss, metropolitan statistical area (MSA).

Participants were enrolled from each of 4 recruitment pools: random, 17%; volunteer, 22%; currently enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, 30% and secondary family members, 31%. Recruitment was limited to non-institutionalized adult African Americans 35-84 years old, except in the family cohort where those 21 to 34 years of age were eligible. The final cohort of 5,301 participants includes 6.59% of all African American Jackson MSA residents aged 35-84 (N-76,426, US Census 2000).

https://www.jacksonheartstudy.org/Research/tabid/211/Default.aspx

So all of the participants come from three counties in Mississippi, the state that has the worst health ranking in the nation.  Is ranked 49th for healthcare access and affordability; 48th for prevention and treatment, 51st for potentially avoidable hospital use, and 51st for healthy lives.

http://datacenter.commonwealthfund.org/scorecard/low-income/26/mississippi/

30% of the participants were already enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (in which the original participants were aged 45-64), and an additional 31% were family members of ARIC study participants.

It seems the participants on this study should not be considered representative of African American health nationwide.

And even with the deck so clearly stacked, the recent study found increasing BMI was NOT associated with risk for all-cause mortality in African Americans.

So why was this study published under the inflammatory title of:

The Obesity and Heart Failure Epidemics Among African Americans: Insights From the Jackson Heart Study

You want to know why?  Because in our fat phobic, fat hating society, studies with titles like these have access to more research funding.

It should have been titled:

Some Fat African Americans in 3 Counties in Mississippi Could Sure Use Access to Better Healthcare, and as Would Most Everyone Else in the State of Mississippi.

But who is going to pay for that?

Fat news through 4/4

March 2016: When given an assignment asking what BMI is and how to calculate it, an 8th grade student provides an answer that is amazing, enlightening, and can teach us all a lesson.
http://www.upworthy.com/asked-about-her-body-mass-index-this-eighth-grader-had-the-best-answer

March 27, 2016: Dyanne Weiss discusses the type of discrimination fat people face in social, educational, and workplace environments, starting from childhood right through to adulthood.
http://guardianlv.com/2016/03/weight-discrimination-growing-waistlines

March 27, 2016: Laura Bogart explains how the big business of clean eating, weight loss and fitness create a new and discriminatory class system that equates thin bodies with health and prosperity.
http://www.salon.com/2016/03/27/my_body_doesnt_need_a_cure_sizeism_classism_and_the_big_business_hustle_of_the_clean_eating_industry

March 29, 2016: Red Sox baseball player Pablo Sandoval is facing some negative reaction from fans because of his weight. Dietitian Jonah Soolman believes performance, not size or weight, should be the basis of criticism of a professional athlete, and we agree.
https://www.facebook.com/notes/boston-baseball-magazine/leave-the-fat-kid-alone/10153988231964641

March 30, 2016: Amy Pence-Brown, who gained worldwide attention by standing blindfolded in a farmer’s market in a bikini allowing people to write on her body with marking pens as an act of activism for body acceptance, is interviewed prior to her April 2nd TEDxBoise talk.
http://idahobusinessreview.com/2016/03/30/a-word-with-amy-pence-brown-about-radical-fat-acceptance

March 30, 2016: Charlotte Cooper’s post on the beginnings of NAAFA (1st link) points out that the history of fat activism is a treasure and should be documented for future generations. We agree, and have archived several newsletters on our website (2nd link).
http://obesitytimebomb.blogspot.co.uk/2016/03/100-fat-activists-7-naafa.html
http://naafaonline.com/dev2/about/NEWSLETTERS.html

March 30, 2016: Is fat shaming dead? According to Carly Lewis it is staggering on its last legs, and she tells us her reasons for thinking fat shaming and fat jokes are on their way out, and body acceptance is on its way in.
http://www.thefader.com/2016/03/30/fat-shaming-is-dead

March 31, 2016: Mona Awad, author of 13 Ways of Looking at a Fat Girl, and Sarai Walker, author of Dietland, discuss their books, both of which feature fat main characters on their own journeys to self realization.
http://www.npr.org/2016/03/31/472132175/you-cannot-shame-me-two-new-books-tear-down-fat-girl-stereotypes

April 4, 2016: Globally, people are still getting fatter, and now more people are fat than underweight; however, average lifespans have also been increasing. Researchers explain that countries with the highest incidence of obesity are high-income countries with better healthcare access, and warn of future lifespan reductions.
https://www.minnpost.com/second-opinion/2016/04/worldwide-more-people-are-now-obese-underweight-study-finds
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)30054-X/fulltext

Fat news through 3/24

Another round of goodness and wakeup calls from me and Tante Terri!

March 16, 2016: “Active commuting” (walking, cycling or a combination of the two) is associated with lower BMI and body fat for 40-69 year old men and women in the UK. Unanswered is which came first, the size or the commuting method.
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(16)00053-X/abstract

March 17, 2106: After a classmate created a Twitter account called “Dee is a Fat Whale”, Texan teen Dannie “Dee” McMillan, with encouragement from plus-size model Laura Lee, started raising money for the Save the Whales Foundation with a GoFundMe account and a shirt saying, “Dee the Fat Whale Saves the Whales”.
http://www.people.com/article/body-shamed-teen-raises-money-whales

March 18, 2016: After adjusting for known risk factors such as BMI and family history of diabetes, researchers find a higher prevalence of diabetes in low-income countries, suggesting that other factors are in play.
http://www.physiciansbriefing.com/Article.asp?AID=708963
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2016/03/08/dc15-2338.abstract

March 21, 2016: Although not fat positive, Jeana Goosmann does provide a realistic view of employment termination due to weight. While written as a how-to for the employer, the article also offers some insight and possible legal remedies for the fat person who is fired because of their weight.
http://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/retaliation-weigh-in-don-t-be-the-28850

March 24, 2016: Georgina Jones discusses the mainstreaming of body positivity, recommending that it needs to go beyond fighting for cute clothes for fat people and fight other forms of fat-discrimination as well.
http://www.bustle.com/articles/149364-body-positivity-needs-to-talk-about-combatting-the-harmful-effects-of-fat-discrimination

Fat news, through 3/14

I hope you folks are enjoying these. I hope to build up a library at some point. It would be great to create a database by which users could sort through all links and just pick up the specific type of story or research paper they want. I don’t know how to do that, though. Anyway, onward!

September 28, 2015: An article explains how the popular Fitbit app is equivalent to body policing, causing more harm than good by leading to body shame, dieting, and disordered eating.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/food-junkie/201509/your-fitbit-is-ruining-your-relationship-your-body

February 11, 2016: According to a recent study, air pollutants have an adverse effect on glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and blood lipid concentrations in Mexican-Americans, suggesting a connection between pollution and type 2 diabetes.
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2016/02/09/dc15-1795.abstract

March 7, 2016: A study concludes that men with early-life poor physical fitness have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, even when BMI remains in the normal range.
http://www.diabeteshub.com/article/poor-physical-fitness-upped-diabetes-risk-regardless-of-weight/90dcd2b80a506b769d395acf5947fc81.html
http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2499473

March 10, 2016: Joanne P. Ikeda, MA, RD discusses why body esteem and self-esteem are beneficial; how societal messages affect children; and how we can counteract those messages.
http://healthateverysizeblog.org/2016/03/10/the-haes-files-mommy-isnt-that-lady-beautiful

March 10, 2016: Once again, Lane Bryant finds itself at odds with broadcast TV over a lingerie ad featuring fat models. Some accuse NBC and ABC of discrimination. NBC claims it provided some minor edits to comply with indecency guidelines. ABC has not commented. We suggest you watch the commercial and judge for yourself.
http://www.sfgate.com/technology/businessinsider/article/See-the-ad-featuring-curvy-models-that-major-TV-6882356.php

March 14, 2016: President Obama, speaking with Time magazine, talks about the benefits of having black men and women with more diverse body types represented in the media as role models.
https://www.yahoo.com/politics/obama-body-image-steph-curry-160732535.html

March 14, 2016: Female high school students who are classified as overweight by BMI and notified that their BMI “falls outside a healthy weight” experienced no reduction in BMI or weight when assessed the following academic year according to a recent study.
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-03-shifts-bmi-overweight-girls-year.html
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/03/09/1518443113

March 14, 2016: As outlined in this recent article, the effects of the World War II era Minnesota Starvation Experiment on the men who participated will sound familiar to people who have, voluntarily or not, experienced calorie restrictive dieting.
http://www.refinery29.com/minnesota-starvation-experiment

Fat news through 3/9

I’m still playing with different names for this feature. See below, click, and enjoy!

January 2016: The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics outlines its recommendations for the successful treatment of fat adults. While recognizing the bias that fat people face, the focus is still on weight loss rather than coping with or countering the bias.
http://www.andjrnl.org/article/S2212-2672(15)01636-6/fulltext

March 2016: Ragen Chastain supplies and explains her 11 reasons to focus on health not weight, while acknowledging that your health is nobody else’s business unless you ask for input.
http://en.paperblog.com/11-reasons-why-i-focus-on-health-and-not-weight-1426822

March 1, 2016: Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. looks at recommendations that fat people lose 5-10% of their body weight in light of a 2010 study showing that intentional weight loss can increase risk of death from all causes.
http://blogs.plos.org/obesitypanacea/2016/03/01/does-weight-loss-reduce-risk-of-early-mortality
http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v34/n6/abs/ijo201041a.html

March 3, 2016: Dana Schuster discusses how important it is to consider issues of privilege and intersectionality in how HAES and fat activism are applied to an individual.
http://healthateverysizeblog.org/2016/03/03/the-haes-files-committed-to-a-new-haes-view

March 4, 2016: See some of the photos from Ebony’s March 2016 issue featuring successful (and beautiful) plus-size black women who are featured in an article “The Curvy Confessionals”.
http://www.buzzfeed.com/norawhelan/ebony-magazine-plus-size-cover
http://www.ebony.com/style/cover-story-the-curvy-confessionals

March 5, 2016: A blogger describes in detail what flying-while-fat is like for many fat people, including the emotions and stress the fat traveler goes through even when nothing goes wrong.
https://medium.com/@thefatshadow/what-it-s-like-to-be-that-fat-person-sitting-next-to-you-on-the-plane-85006e263778

March 8, 2016: After questionable studies and amid unsupported claims, Orexigen’s obesity drug Contrave was approved by the FDA. A former FDA deputy commissioner wants patients being prescribed Contrave to receive materials stating the drug has no benefit for the heart despite Orexigen’s claims.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewherper/2016/03/08/former-fda-official-calls-for-tougher-restrictions-on-obesity-drug-contrave
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2499275

March 9, 2016: Researchers looking at weight-loss and the health benefits of adding mindful eating and stress management to a diet-exercise program find long-term improvements in metabolic health even though there was no substantial weight loss benefit.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/oby.21396/full
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/oby.21472/full

New links, through 3/5

Late again, and in fact this collection of links covers two weeks of gleaning the web. Also, I’m identifying the content by the end date and not the starting date of the week. Enjoy.

February 2016: Researchers discuss three studies regarding beliefs and weight stigma, finding that negative evaluations of fat people depend upon the perceived amount of effort they’ve put into losing weight.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294258634_Prejudice_Toward_Individuals_With_Obesity_ Evidence_for_a_Pro-Effort_Bias

February 22, 2016: As more universities add fat studies to their curricula, discussion of body diversity and body politics spreads. As an example of the spread of body-positive culture, Reddit removes a fat hatred site under its new harassment policy.
http://college.usatoday.com/2016/02/22/fat-studies-embrace-diversity-and-take-on-the-biases-of-being-overweight

February 22, 2016: As the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) contemplates allowing weight to determine insurance rates (contrary to the tenets of the Affordable Care Act), David S. Seres gives a practical explanation why such discrimination should not occur.
http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/healthcare/270230-an-obesity-penalty-would-be-legalized-discrimination

February 24, 2016: Based on preliminary data from a survey, the prevalence of obesity has surpassed 30%, even though activity rates have improved.
http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Obesity/56362

February 24, 2016: The Association for Size Diversity and Health (ASDAH) offers a free webinar on sharing the HAES message.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PT2wkoBTnpQ

February 24, 2016: Travelers concerned about the width of airline seats are the unintended beneficiary of a new regulation, meant to assist parents traveling with an infant’s car seat, requiring airlines to post the width of the narrowest and widest seats in each class of service for each make, model and series of planes used in its operations, with the measurement done from inside the arm rest.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/johngoglia/2016/02/24/new-kid-seat-rule-will-help-plus-sized-passengers

February 25, 2016: We’ve long heard that losing 10% of body weight can yield some health improvements. A new study shows that losing even 5% of body weight also achieves many health benefits. So maybe it’s the behaviors and not the weight loss . . .
http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/02/25/big-health-benefits-to-small-weight-loss
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413116300535

February 25, 2016: Baseball player Pablo Sandoval has been the target of fat-haters, with all the usual myths and stereotypes coming into play. Registered dietitian and credentialed personal trainer Jonah Soolman explains why assuming Sandoval (or any other athlete) should lose weight to improve performance is simply wrong.
http://www.weei.com/sports/boston/baseball/red-sox/john-tomase/2016/02/25/what-if-pablo-sandoval-isnt-overweight-exactly

February 25, 2016: Caroline Dooner explains that everybody deserves respect regardless of size or health status. Health is not a moral issue but disrespecting others “because we think they aren’t doing life right” is.
http://www.ravishly.com/2016/02/25/fat-haters-health-not-moral-issue

February 26, 2016: Melanie Sheppard shares her experience seeing Dawn French (once again fat) on stage radiating confidence as she discussed her body, relating French’s attitude to her own journey to loving and accepting her own body.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/melanie-sheppard/what-dawn-french-can-teach-us-about-body-image_b_9303644.html

February 26, 2016: Everyday Health talks about four classes of medication where weight can be a factor for determining effective dosage due to how the medications are processed and concentrated in the body.
http://www.everydayhealth.com/obesity/treatment/medications-dont-work-youre-overweight-obese

March 1, 2016: Sandra Aamont, PhD gave a TED talk that went viral about the risks of dieting, and has now written a book Why Diets Make Us Fat. Aamont wants people to know that healthy is better than thin.
https://www.yahoo.com/beauty/dramatically-improve-health-1-4-224539079.html

March 1, 2016: Margot Meanie provides seven tips on how to achieve a body positive home to help you on your journey to body love and acceptance.
https://www.romper.com/p/7-tips-for-building-a-body-positive-home-6050

March 3, 2016: Archeologists believe that the prevalence of figurines such as the Venus of Willendorf shows that fat people existed even during the Paleolithic period when food was scarce and life demanding.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/03/03/what-these-ancient-statuettes-of-obese-people-say-about-paleo-diets

Hot links, week of 2/14/2016

(I’m trying out a new title for this week’s media and research items. Some of the links are a week or so old, but they’re still relevant, and therefore “hot”, I think.)

February 2016: Two articles feature Dr. Linda Bacon as she discusses her own journey to body acceptance, and how HAES (Health At Every Size) principles can help repair one’s body image and relationship with food. Note: although the second article uses the ambiguous term “healthy weight”, it still advocates a HAES approach.
http://www.ravishly.com/people-we-love/linda-bacon-leader-health-every-size-movement
http://nedic.ca/blog/trust-your-body-forget-about-dieting

February 11, 2016: This article explains the recent study (see January 25 entry here) showing that weight loss does not prevent heart disease or prolong life in patients with type 2 diabetes, making some health researchers urge a rethinking of treatment guidelines.
http://sciencenordic.com/weight-loss-does-not-prolong-lives-diabetes-patients

February 12, 2016: Why rely on data from the CDC (second link below) that show that obesity rates in the United States leveling off when you can use self-reported data from a Gallup poll and non-science based statements to promote fat myths and phobia? The Gallup report concludes by pushing weight loss interventions, even though most of these have been shown to be ineffective.
http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-obesity-rate-surges-to-new-high-2016-2
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db219.htm

February 13, 2016: Dr. Linda Bacon’s letter to the New York Times editor praises Sarai Walker’s essay “Yes, I’m Fat. It’s O.K. I Said It” (see February 7 entry here) and explains why it is important to remove the “fat is bad” filter when looking at data as well and treat all people, regardless of weight, with dignity and respect.
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/14/opinion/how-we-view-obesity.html

February 17, 2016: UCLA assistant professor A. Janet Tomiyama is featured as the Scientist of the Week by Laboratory Equipment and interviewed about her recent study (see February 4 entry here) on the inaccuracy of using body mass index (BMI) to measure health.
http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2016/02/q-janet-tomiyama-and-faulty-bmi-system

February 17, 2016: A 2014 article in Cancer Causes & Control, suggesting that there is no benefit to cancer survivors in being fat, is being retracted as large portions of its text were plagiarized from another paper by different authors.
http://retractionwatch.com/2016/02/17/paper-on-alleged-and-paradoxical-health-benefits-of-obesity-pulled-for-plagiarism

February 19, 2016: Enjoy some of Substantia Jones’ latest beautiful photos for the Adipositivity Project depicting couples of varying races, sizes, and genders spending intimate time together in varying stages of undress. (Some bits are blurred, but these art photos may still not be safe for your work.)
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3453773/Nude-photos-capture-plus-size-women-men-races-enjoying-intimate-moments-partners-fat-people-worthy-love.html